Amur Tiger: Description, Lifestyle, Habitat - WWF

Russia lives the largest and northernmost predatory cat in the world - Amur Tiger. In the people, the animal was painted by the title of Taiga - Ussuriysky or by the name of the region - Far Eastern, and foreigners call the animal by the Siberian tiger. On Latin, the subspecies denote Panthera Tigris Altaica. There is no difference, but the official name is still the Amur Tiger.

Characteristic

Amur Tiger - a predator from the Feline family, the genus Panther, a class of mammals. It belongs to the type of tigers, is a separate subspecies. In size, almost like a small car - 3 meters, and the weight is three times less - on average 220 kg. By nature, males on a quarter larger females.

Body Length, M Tail length, m Height, M. Weight, kg
1.5 - 2. 1 - 1,15 1180 - 300.

Untremely thick long wool - it protects against taiga frost, and the black stripes mask on her from the enemies. The fur coat of the Amur Tiger is not as bright and striped in contrast to other subspecies. Color in winter and summer does not change - there remains a red, but in the winter a little lighter than in the summer. The beast has quite wide paws - they help to walk in deep snow.

Black stripes serve as a disguise © PHOTO TEP "Land Leopard"

Thick wool protects from taiga frost © Maia C, Flickr.com

The symbol of the Far East is listed in the International Red Book. In the 1930s, the hunters destroyed 97% of the Far Eastern Tigers. To save the beast from the disappearance, the state banned his hunt, and since the 1960s the number began to grow. For 90 years, the population increased 20 times, but this is not enough: the Amur Tiger is still the status of a rare animal.

Life expectancy depends on the conditions. In captivity, the animal will live up to 20 years, because he has a safe house, food and veterinarians. In the wild taiga, it often happens on the contrary: frost -40 ° C, the absence of animals for food, the struggle for free territory, poaching. Freedom Tigers live a happy life, but twice as shorter - about 10 years. Although this is enough to live longer your fellow in appearance.

Havory

Amur tiger dwells in the southern part of the Far East. The main habitat ranges on the shores of the Amur rivers and Ussuri in the Khabarovsk Territory and at the foot of Sikhote-Alin mountains in Primorsky Krai. Also, part of the animals is located in the Jewish Autonomous Region.

Part of the animals lives in reserves, national parks and reserves - "Sikhote-Alinsky", "Lazovsky", "Bikin", "Land of Leopard". Inspectors guard the territories from poachers, saved the affected animals. It doesn't look like a zoo: predators live in free conditions, without limitation in movement. But there is a problem - there is not enough space for the whole population, and 80% of the subspecies live in uncooked taiga forests and hunting farms.

Far Eastern Tigers choose to live cedar-wide forests of the Ussuri Taiga. If you do not stop cutting, animals will lose the house.

In Russia, the largest population of the Amur Tiger is the pride of the Far Eastern Taiga. Among all subspecies of Tigrov, Russia ranks second - we have 13% of the world population, first place remains for India. Sometimes Amur tigers make a transboundary transition: on land or river, they fall from Russia to neighboring countries - China or north of the DPRK. But it does not prevent our country to lead in terms of the number of individuals.

Food

Tiger - the top of the food chain in the ecosystem of the Ussuri Taiga. This means that all Far Eastern Nature depends on its number: there will be no tiger - there will be no nature. So that this does not happen, hoofs should be enough in habitats.

10 kg meat per day should eat tiger

The main diet is the boars, spotted deer, stubborn and roe. If these animals are missing, tigers feed on badgers, raccats, hares, fish, and sometimes bought bears. In a strong hunger, Amur tigers attack livestock and dogs. But to be full and healthy, one tiger still needs fifty hoofs per year.

Lifestyle

Ussuri tigers in lifestyle - loners. The male meets with a female for a couple of days, it does not participate in the upbringing, and the female to achieve the sexual maturity of the offspring also lives his life. Amur tigers Even the hunt emerge, alive, although it is so harder to extract food.

Amur tigers live for years on one territory if food is enough. And only the factor of its absence can make them make a transition to another place. The territory is fixed behind the tiger by fragile labels, springs in the ground and the jackets on the trees. So strangers if they decide to go to its territory, then only because of arrogant behavior - then a fight will happen.

Amur tiger hunts, bypassing its territory. He sees the sacrifice, crashes closer towards her, wounds back and puts the rear legs to the ground. If you manage to stay unnoticed, after jumping a predator takes the trophy, but according to statistics, only one and ten attempts are successful.

Amur tigers in lifestyle - single © Leonid Dubaikovsky, WWF Russia

Tiger hunts, bypassing its territory © Vladimir Filonov, WWF Russia

1 of 10 attempts to get food ends with success © Victor Nikiforov, WWF Russia

Each cat has its own place: the female is enough 20 km2, and the male 100 km2 of the Far Eastern Taiga. The crucibles are arranged in the places hidden from strangers, which mother places in thickets, crevices and caves. One male in the territory lives 2-3 females with offspring.

Amur tigers multiply every two years. After 3-4 months, the tigress displays from two to four tiger. First, the mother feeds the young milk, the meat they try only in two months. Around the clock, the mother is located next to the children only the first week, then she takes her hunt. Until two years, the tigress teaches the kids to extract food, they live with her. Mature crucibles are becoming a three-four years.

Animals show their emotions with sounds and touches. For example, when you need to greet each other, they rhythmically exhale air mouth and nose. To show sympathy or tenderness, rubs on each other and purr, like homemade cats. In irritation, they fry and grow quietly, in a rage, they publish sounds similar to cough.

The male has up to 3 females with tigers © Viktor Zhyrychenko, WWF Russia

Tiger and man

Relationship with a person for Russian tigers is a difficult question. On the one hand, because of the people they were on the verge of extinction, but also thanks to people, the population has grown. The growth of the population also called the question: now the beasts need more space and food. Again, human activity interferes with cutting, fires and poaching.

Due to the lack of hoofed predators, sometimes come to the villages for livestock and dogs than the locals disturb. From 2000 to 2016, 279 such conflicts occurred, in which 33 tiger died. Contact with people Tigers avoid: instincts are responsible for the hunt for wild animals, in rare cases - at home. There are two cases when Tiger reacts to a person - he is wounded or has nowhere to run.

At the same time, local residents help tigers, and they do not touch people. When the townspeople meet the beast near the settlements, they cause an operational group. Specialists in minimizing conflicts come and take predator to the rehabilitation center. In the south of the Far East, there are two of them: "Rock" in the Khabarovsk Territory and "Tiger Center" "in Primorye.

In the rehabilitation centers of beasts feed, they are keen, but they do not get used to the captivity - so they retain instincts. Before releaseing into a wildlife on predators, GPS collar is dressed: it makes it possible to trace the beast to come to people anymore.

Tiger resistant came to the village of Vyazemsky and crushed three local dogs due to lack of food. Residents did not fight and caused inspectors to resolve conflicts. The depleted predator was taken to the Rock Rehabilitation Center, and six months later they were released in Taiga, putting GPS collar. Thanks to the collar, the Center staff traced that wild instincts did not disappear: stubborn without any problems hunted and established communication with other tigers in the wild, and no longer came to people.

Conflict Tigers Inspectors are caught and sent to rehab © Pavel Fomenko

The beast is moving from the container in Mobile Hospital © Julia Fomenko, WWF Russia

In the mobile hospital take analyzes, measure and inspect Health © WWF Russia

After treatment, they are published on the territory of the rehabilitation center © MRO "Tiger Center" "

Before the release on the will put on GPS collar © Julia Fomenko, WWF Russia

Release Predator in Wild Taiga © WWF Russia

It is more difficult with poaching - for a half a century, the number of the Amur tiger and its habitats decreased by 95%. Moreover, any poaching plays a role, whether on a tiger, on an empty or forest: illegal deforestations destroy habitats, and unlimited hunting for hoofs lead to hunger.

WWF Russia with other environmental organizations protect the subspecies from the disappearance. For example, over the past 20 years, protected areas have been created, antibraconary brigades, rehabilitation centers and mobile hospitals. WWF Russia conducts programs to restore the number of ungulates, monitors the preservation of cedar forests, the number and life of tigers on photo gallets.

The foundation supports supporters of WWF - and Russians, and foreigners. For example, in Vladivostok, the day of the tiger takes place annually. In this holiday, residents go to the procession, attracting the attention of other citizens to the preservation of wildlife. Also around the world tigering summits, symposia and conferences. And Discovery supported the fund and released the film "Save Tiger."

Amur conservation program

Tiger WWF spends in close

cooperation with the "Amur Tiger" center and the administrations of Primorsky and

  • Khabarovsk region.

  • Festive procession on Tiger day in Vladivostok © Vasily Solkin, WWF Russia

  • Interesting facts about the Amur Tigre

  • Black stripes on the skins are different from each individual: finding two tigers with the same fur coat will not work.

  • Tiger has 30 teeth, like a home cat.

  • In the rifle of tenderness Tiger purr, refuting these scientific research.

  • Amur tiger is the only subspecies that mastered the life in one-year-old snow and temperatures -40 ° C.

  • Poor well-being animal treats special herbs from forests and fields.

  • At night, Amur cats see 5 times better than a person.

Tiger should not jump into two floors up - it is 5-6 meters.

Just as the average speed of the machine on the highway - 80 km / h, it is also in the snow.

More interesting facts about the Amur Tiger

Video of Amur Tigger Video.

More video with Amur tiger on the official YouTube channel WWF Russia

Amur tiger

Amur tiger

It is one of the rare species of predatory animals Faby family. Beauty, grace, strength and power - these characteristics are very harmoniously combined in this predatory cat. The population has several items. In addition to Amur, it is also called Ussuriysky, Siberian, or Far Eastern. The name is due to the habitat of individuals.

Origin of type and description

Photo: Amur Tiger

The Amur Tiger refers to the class of mammals, the Feline family. In size and dimensions, it is considered one of the largest predatory animals, yielding only the White Bear and the Bromot Bear. The weight of one individual can reach three hundred kilograms. According to official data, in the period when the animal was not on the verge of extinction, and there were quite a lot of populations, their mass reached 350-400 kilograms. On the moment the moment of such representatives of this type has no longer left.

Physical strength and power game amazes. It is able to keep prey with a mass of half-thin, as well as drag it at least one and a half kilometers. Animal inherent ability to move at high speed - up to 75-85 km / h.

Externally, the Amur tigers are incredibly beautiful and graceful. Animal skin has a redhead with transverse strips of black. In nature, there are no two tigers with the same pattern. Each representative of this species has a unique drawing of the strips. This color allows predator to be easily lost in thick vegetation during the hunt.

Video: Amur Tiger

Most scientists and historians agree that the birthplace of predators was East Asia. The history of the feline has about one and a half million years. In Siberia, Ussuri tigers appeared not relatively recently - no more than 15,000 - 18,000 years ago. The first remains of the ancient ancestor of the tiger were found on the territory of the current China, on the island of Java. The remains of the ancestor belonged to the class of Pantheogenesis.

Most scientists and historians agree that the birthplace of predators was East Asia. The history of the feline has about one and a half million years. In Siberia, Ussuri tigers appeared not relatively recently - no more than 15,000 - 18,000 years ago. The first remains of the ancient ancestor of the tiger were found on the territory of the current China, on the island of Java. The remains of the ancestor belonged to the class of Pantheogenesis.

Compared with the current Ussuri tiger, he had a more modest size. Later, the tigers population spread to India, almost all the territory of East Asia, as well as Siberia. In the 20th century, due to a sharp reduction in population, the Siberian tigers were listed in the Red Book, as a rare, disappearing appearance.

Appearance and features of body structure

Photo: Animal Amur Tiger

Amur tiger is considered one of the largest predators, as well as the largest wild cats. The average length of the male of this type is from 2 to 3 meters, without taking the tail. The tail length reaches 1-1.5 meters. Body mass from two to three hundred kilograms. The maximum body length, recorded among individuals of this species - 4 meters of 20 centimeters, taking into account the tail. Fabys on average per meter less males. Externally, Amur tigers look very graceful, flexible. The body is distinguished by a developed, strong muscles. In the height of the animal reaches a little more than a meter. The front of the body is visually massive, more advanced and strong. Massive, strong front limbs have five fingers, rear - four.

Tiger head is quite large. Wide, massive frontal part, wide cheekbones. Length of the skull on average 15-20 centimeters. On the head, small ears round shape. On the side surface of the head on both sides of the tanks. Long, white vibrassas are located in five rows. Their length reaches 14-15.5 centimeters. Nature has endowed the Ussuri tigers with powerful, sharp jaws, in particular, fangs. Channel length 7.5-8 centimeters. The side surface of the tongue is equipped with tubercles that help the tiger washed, as well as separating the meat of their prey from the bone. Ussuri tigers have thick, high wool, thanks to which they easily carry the features of the Siberian climate, strong winds.

Color Tiger deserves special attention. The color of the wool, and the location of the black transverse bands differs from various populations, depending on the habitat. This is due to the fact that the main function that the animal skins performs is to ensure disguise.

Color Tiger deserves special attention. The color of the wool, and the location of the black transverse bands differs from various populations, depending on the habitat. This is due to the fact that the main function that the animal skins performs is to ensure disguise.

On the face in the area of ​​the mustache, on the inner surface of the ears, the chin and the inner part of the limbs prevails with a white color. The body prevails red-haired wool color with transverse black stripes. In general, the number of bands does not exceed hundred. The tail always ends with a black tip. On the tail transverse strip form rings. Most species have ten of them, less often meet fewer.

Where does the Amur Tiger dwell?

Photo: Amur Tiger from the Red Book

Until 1994-95, the tigers population was significantly more. The territory of their habitat was huge. They lived in Kazakhstan, in the northern part of Iran, India, in the territory of the Stern Islands. However, from 1995 to 2006, this species was exterminated almost half, and their habitat was significantly narrowed. To date, Amur tigers occupy only 6-7% of the initial territory of their habitat.

  • It is noteworthy that each adult person has its own habitat. On average, one female occupies 200-350 square kilometers, the male covers a large territory, about one and a half thousand square kilometers.
  • For habitat in natural conditions, the Amur tigers choose the plain terrain, the coast of rivers, valleys and forests. Also predators are habitat on the territory of the mountain ranges reaching a height of 2000 meters above sea level. Tigers are well tolerated persistent, high frosts. However, in such conditions they suffer due to lack of food and can as close as possible approaching people's settlements.
  • Geographical habitats of populations of Amur Tigers:
  • The territory of the south-east of Russia is the Primorsky, Khabarovsk Territory, the Amur River Coast, the Far East;

Chinese People's Republic;

Manchuria;

Manchuria;

India. What feeds on the Amur Tiger?

Photo: Amur tiger in winter

The basis of the diet of predatory animals is meat. One adult sex of the Amur Tiger eats on a day from 8 to 20 kilograms of meat. Without food, the tiger is able to live no more than 3-3.5 weeks. The prey of the predator of the feline family is mammals. On average, for normal livelihoods per year of one adult individual, the Amur tiger requires 50-50 heads of large herbivore mammals.

As a mining, they act:

In the absence of large mammals, tigers hunt for smaller animals. It may well be a hare, a badger, horsefish, raccoon, a beefish mouse, some birds, brown, fox, even fish. Tigers are hunting mainly in the dark. Predators are very acute the senses and vision organs. Thanks to soft pads on the paws, they are almost imperceptibly and silently chosen to the victim. Attack the extraction of jump. The distance of one jump of the Amur Tiger reaches two tens of meters.

His prey predators are most often thawed towards water sources. For her, they are always fighting, running, and defending themselves from other wishing to devour. Eating predators lying, hold the prey with huge, powerful front paws. If, as a result of the attack, the victim managed to escape, the Ussuri tiger ceases to attack without performing repeated attacks. He goes to relax. After the restoration of the forces, the predator goes back to the hunt in search of food.

Predators of the Feline family have the features of the structure of the larynx. Due to this, they are able to issue sounds identical to the fact that they publish deer and roeted in the marriage period. In this way, they attract unfortunate mammals.

Predators of the Feline family have the features of the structure of the larynx. Due to this, they are able to issue sounds identical to the fact that they publish deer and roeted in the marriage period. In this way, they attract unfortunate mammals.

Tigers do not go hunting if they have food. They live in places as much as possible from human settlements. Hunger and lack of food over a long time pushes on the approach to man. In extreme cases attack domestic cattle, dogs.

Features of character and lifestyle

Photo: Amur Tiger Animal

Huge representatives of the feline family are well oriented on the ground. They are freely moving on snow cover, capable of overcome long distances. On a day, an adult person passes about 40-50 kilometers. Amur tigers move predominantly among the same routes. Change the trajectory of movement in the absence of mining. Games are well swimming and capable of overcome reservoirs in a length of several thousand meters.

Predators split the territory for squares. Each adult representative carefully protects its territory from competitors. With the appearance of such adult males rarely attack each other. They demonstrate their strength and power through the roar. One who is weaker leaves himself. Each representative in a large amount of urine marks its territory. Around the perimeter on the trees is fighting the bark on the trees. For this, it rises to the rear paws.

The males lead a separate lifestyle. Females can sometimes be combined into small flocks. By nature, they are polygamins.

The reproduction period of the species falls on the end of winter. After 3.5-4 months, kittens appear on the light. Each female is able to produce up to four blind babes. Only the female participates in the upbringing of kids. Males are not engaged in training and feeding brood. At the age of two months, it begins to feed the kids with meat. After another 3-4 weeks, he gradually begins to train the tactics of hunting. An independent lifestyle of the cigarette is starting from a two-year-old age.

By nature, its Siberian tigers are considered calm, noble animals. They are unusual for creating extra noise, conflicts, fights. Attack on other representatives of their species is an extremely rare phenomenon. They are able to live in full silence up to several years. They are characterized by some habits of domestic cats. They love to play, purr, go. When an animal is angry, it is growing, making a muted, hoarse sound. When the tiger arrives in rage, you can hear the so-called "cough".

By nature, its Siberian tigers are considered calm, noble animals. They are unusual for creating extra noise, conflicts, fights. Attack on other representatives of their species is an extremely rare phenomenon. They are able to live in full silence up to several years. They are characterized by some habits of domestic cats. They love to play, purr, go. When an animal is angry, it is growing, making a muted, hoarse sound. When the tiger arrives in rage, you can hear the so-called "cough".

The average life expectancy of one individual is 13-15 years old. It has been proven that the animal is able to live to fifty years. One in most cases they die much earlier.

Social structure and reproduction

Photo: Cubs Amur Tiger

The individuals of Ussuri tigers lead a separate lifestyle. The males extremely rarely come into the flock. The duration of the habitat of individual individuals does not intersect. By virtue of its polygamic nature on one territory, the male can exist at once with several females. With each of the representatives of the opposite sex, he alternately enters the marriage relationship. The offspring appears most often in a year, after three or four months from the date of entry into the marriage. Known cases of removal of offspring twice a year.

Females never throw their cubs. Caring for the offspring entirely and completely falls on the shoulders of the mother. The female miners food and for itself, and tigers. She protects kids, teaches them to hunt and lead a separate lifestyle. If another male pretends on the marriage relationship with one of the females, not avoiding hard attack. Males fiercely defend their right and championship for marriage. During the period of reproduction, females are characterized by the publication of certain sounds, which they attract individuals of the opposite sex. The males in the marriage period rarely publish any sounds.

Paul ripening occurs to achieve 4-5 years of age. Females are also characteristic of the territory throughout the marriage period. A week later, from the moment the female was ready for mating. Often, Tigritis themselves go to search for suitable partners. Often a sign that females are in the search for a partner are labels on the trunks of trees.

On average, each tigress is born two tiger. The survival of kids is extremely low. According to statistics, half of all born young dies during the first months of life.

On average, each tigress is born two tiger. The survival of kids is extremely low. According to statistics, half of all born young dies during the first months of life.

On the ninth days after the appearance of the kids, the kids open their eyes. Two weeks later, teeth begin to appear. Despite the fact that mom from two months old begins to feed the kittens with meat, until six months, they continue to eat Mother's milk. Independent hunting is possible no earlier than one year old. An adult is considered a person who has reached 3-4 years of age.

Natural enemies of the Amur Tiger

Photo: Amur Tiger Red Book of Russia

Despite the fact that the predator is powerful, strong and fast animals, it remains absolutely defenseless in front of modern weapons. In East Asia, the animal fur, its bones and fangs is highly appreciated. Big money helps to increase the number of poachers.

In addition to expensive and sought-after trophies, Amur tigers were shot in order to manufacture therapeutic agents. Many large-scale derivatives were used in traditional Eastern medicine.

In addition to expensive and sought-after trophies, Amur tigers were shot in order to manufacture therapeutic agents. Many large-scale derivatives were used in traditional Eastern medicine.

In natural habitat conditions, the Amur Tiger has no enemies. With him, almost no animal can cope with him. He has no equal strength and endurance. He is able to defeat even an adult bear. The only enemy of graceful handsome is a man.

Population and status of the form

  • Photo: Amur Tiger in Nature
  • The real hunt for the Siberian tiger broke out in the 20th century. On average, more than a hundred individuals of the Ussuri tiger were destroyed per year. It is during this period that the species practically disappeared. He could occasionally meet in a deaf taiga, where a person is almost impossible to get. Poachers on a huge scale shot graceful beauties, caught tigry. In the 40s, the number of individuals in the world did not exceed four dozen. In connection with such a sharp decline in the number, the species was listed in the Red Book.
  • The main causes of the reduction in the size of the form:
  • The increase in the number of poachers;

climate change, winter with a small amount of snow;

lack of food for predatory animals;

Color Tiger deserves special attention. The color of the wool, and the location of the black transverse bands differs from various populations, depending on the habitat. This is due to the fact that the main function that the animal skins performs is to ensure disguise.

Color Tiger deserves special attention. The color of the wool, and the location of the black transverse bands differs from various populations, depending on the habitat. This is due to the fact that the main function that the animal skins performs is to ensure disguise.

Destruction of habitats of predators, destruction of flora and fauna.

Forest fires, the destruction of the forest massif, a detrimental effect on the natural array of human life products leads to a reduction in uncois herbivores. All of these factors reduce the habitat of predators. After a sharp reduction in the number of individuals around the world, the Amur Tiger seriously threatened his full extinction. However, people were able to take measures to prevent irreparable natural phenomenon.

Security of the Amur Tigger

To date, the species is listed in the Red Book. Hunting on the Amur Tiger is categorically prohibited. Violation of the rules, and poaching strictly punishable by law. The law on the ban of hunting on Ussuri Tigers was adopted in 1947. After eight years later, another law was released, which strictly prohibits caught by cigrite of this species even for zoos and nurseries.

After the last census, which was conducted in 2015, it turned out that more than five hundred individuals live on the territory of the Russian Federation. In comparison, about a hundred years ago, the number of individuals of this type was more than 5000. In 1995, the Government of the Russian Federation approved the Resolution No. 795 "On the preservation and multiplication of the Amur Tiger and other rare animal species". Video of Amur Tigger Until 2007, the animal was considered a view that is on the verge of extinction. In connection with the active breeding of the predator of the Feline family in nurseries, the number was increased to one and a half hundred. And since 2007, the status of the extinction type was removed.

Today, active actions are being conducted to expand the protected area within the habitat of the Siberian Tiger. Within the territory, which is included in the protected area, the actions of a person are minimized in order to preserve and multiply populations of predators. One of the measures to preserve the species is a resolution adopted at the 14th Conference of the Cytes International Congress. She introduced a strict ban on the breeding of a rare beast in nurseries in order to mining portions of his body, skins, fangs.

It is considered one of the finest, graceful and strong predators on the planet. His power and power are amazed. To date, humanity applies many forces and means to correct their mistake, which almost led to the death of the whole type. Publication date:

01/27/2019 Renewal date:

09/17/2019 at 9:16

Author:

Alekseeva Inna

The Amur Tiger, which is considered the most northern and most major subspecies of tigers living on our planet, are called still Ussuri or Siberian tiger: there will be no errors. It is so rare subspecies that in China it is protected by law, and quite strictly: who will dare to kill this beast, that the death penalty awaits.

The Amur Tiger, which is considered the most northern and most major subspecies of tigers living on our planet, are called still Ussuri or Siberian tiger: there will be no errors. It is so rare subspecies that in China it is protected by law, and quite strictly: who will dare to kill this beast, that the death penalty awaits.

Amur Tiger: Description

In ancient times, locals called this animal "Baber", and in Latin, it sounds like "Panthera Tigris Altaica". It is rightfully considered the most impressive size representing the Feline family. In size, he surpasses even a lion. This animal with its appearance decorates the coat of arms of the Primorsky Territory and the coat of arms of Khabarovsk. From 1642, the Amur Tiger decorated the coat of arms of Yakutsk and Irkutsk. Unfortunately, during the reign of Emperor Alexander II, Tiger turned into a "beaver", due to the fault of one of the rules of spelling of spelling, representing a heraldic department. Since then, the coat of arms of Irkutsk depicts an unknown beast of black with a large tail and legs, like a beaver. At the same time, in the teeth, this beast holds a sable.

Appearance Amur tiger is nothing more than a large-sized cat, which is characterized by a characteristic striped coloring woolen cover. This graceful and very beautiful wild cat has a rounded head and rather proportional sizes of the ears. As with all cats, the Amur Tiger has 30 rather sharp teeth in the mouth, and the paws are armed with sharp and tenacious claws, which allows the predator with ease of breaking the carcasses of its potential victims, as well as climb trees.

Basically, a red color prevails on the body, but on the chest, on the belly and on the "Bennbard" there is a white shade. Across the body pass black stripes. The same bands, and more precisely, the divorce on the head and on the face are symmetrically located.

Interesting fact!

Interesting fact!

Since the Amur Tiger dwells in conditions of harsh winters, then its body covers thick wool, and under the skin, the fat layer is accumulated, up to 5 centimeters thick. It helps a predator to experience the most frosty winters.

Despite its impressive dimensions, the tiger movements are soft and almost silent, due to the presence of soft pads on the paws. It should be noted that the paws of this beast are wide enough. In this regard, the tiger is perfect and easily moved along the taiga even in conditions of deep snow. Tiger sizes

Although the Amur Tiger refers to the largest representatives of the Feline family, recently he began to give way to the size of the Bengal tigra, which feels great in India's national parks. More recently, these subspecies were not inferior to each other in size, but as a result of man's economic activity, the Amur Tiger stopped being the largest predator on the planet representing their family.

Important fact!

Important fact!

Adult Amur tigers grow up to 3 meters long, and even more. At the same time, they can weigh an average of about 220 kilograms and have growth in withers at least 1 meter.

Experts argue that individual individuals are gaining weight of at least 300 kilograms, while the official record is at 212 kilograms. This registered record belongs to the male, who managed to hang a collar with a radio beacon.

Lifestyle and behavior

Amur tigers prefer to conduct a separate lifestyle and do not create prides in the example of Lviv. But females, together with the offspring that emerged, can live in the territory of the male, which can reach up to 800 kilometers square. The female controlled territory is always less and amounts to no more than 500 kilometers square. The male, controlling its territory, constantly marks its special secret, and also leaves marked on the trunks of trees, making them with the help of sharp claws. Despite its sizes, Amur tigers are easily caught in trees, taking into the crowns of century-old oaks, as well as to the tops of huge firings.

If the male does not have any problems with food, then it does not go beyond its territory. At the same time, a day of the male is able to overcome up to 40 km, and the female is 2 times less. This beast easily can drag the carcass of a large animal for a distance to a kilometer, or even more. Even in the snow can accelerate to 80 km / h, but at the same time, the amur tiger is inferior to the cheetah.

Interesting to know!

This predator is perfectly distinguished by colors, but prefers to hunt only at night. In the dark he sees 5 times better, compared with man.

Ussuriysky (Amur) Tiger does not give extra, unnecessary sounds, so his roar or roar is distributed only with the beginning of the reproduction period. But even with the onset of this period, you can hear females than males. If the male is not pleased with something, then he roars hoarsely and deaf, and in rage passes to the characteristic "cough". If the tiger is comfortable, and he is satisfied with everyone, he purries like a cat.

When Tiger meets his comrade, it uses special sounds published by the nose and the mouth at the same time. If predators are peacefully configured to each other, they rub the sides and come into contact with their muzzles.

When Tiger meets his comrade, it uses special sounds published by the nose and the mouth at the same time. If predators are peacefully configured to each other, they rub the sides and come into contact with their muzzles.

Amur tigers, unlike Bengal, are not considered canned, so they try to avoid meeting a person in every way. If a person fails to avoid a meeting with a tiger, it is better to stop and not try to run, and also should not turn back to him. You can talk to him, but calm and confident tone. Sharp movements or an uncertain voice can provoke a beast.

Over the past 70 years, within various settlements of the Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territory, no more than 10 cases of a tiger attack on a person occurred. Being in natural conditions and controlling its territory, tigers are quite rarely attacked by hunters. How much does the Amur Tiger live

In natural conditions, the average duration of this predator is at least 10 years and no more than 15. In an artificial environment, some individuals live up to 20 years, but this is subject to the creation of a favorable environment, together with nutrition.

Famous fact!

Famous fact!

In the Khabarovsk Center for Wild Animal Rehabilitation, Tiger lived 21 years. Therefore, the Tiger "Lutchi" is considered one of the oldest Amur tigers.

Over the past 70 years, within various settlements of the Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territory, no more than 10 cases of a tiger attack on a person occurred. Being in natural conditions and controlling its territory, tigers are quite rarely attacked by hunters. This tiger was at one time caught in the taiga, but at the same time injured him both jaws, because of his osteomyelitis began. In 1999, thanks to a unique operation, this process was able to stop surgical intervention. After a year, this beast felt perfectly well, and instead of a fang, he was glamed with a silver-palladium implant with a gold spraying. Since the animal was seriously injured, it could not be sent back to Taiga and left it in a rehabilitation center. As a result, this predator became the hero of many reports, as well as the most visited pet.

Sexual dimorphism

First of all, it is possible to distinguish the male from the female in size and by weight. If males weigh no less than 200 kilograms, then females are twice. In 2005, scientists of many countries of the world conducted a study and proved that modern amur tigers are noticeably inferior by their ancestors.

First of all, it is possible to distinguish the male from the female in size and by weight. If males weigh no less than 200 kilograms, then females are twice. In 2005, scientists of many countries of the world conducted a study and proved that modern amur tigers are noticeably inferior by their ancestors.

The ancestors of the modern Amur tiger were distinguished by the fact that their average weight was: males weighed about 216 kilograms, and females - 138 kilograms. As for the modern representatives of this type of animals, the males on average weigh about 180 kg, and females are not more than 118 kg.

The males and females are also different than life expectancy. As a rule, males live longer, as the female itself takes part in the upbringing of his offspring, which affects its life expectancy.

Natural habitats

  • The habitat of the Amur (Ussuriysk) tiger is concluded in a relatively limited sector, which includes China and South-East of Russia. More precisely, it is the shores of Amur / Ussuri, located in the Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territory.
  • In 2003, it was found that Sikhote-Alin's foothills marks the greatest number of these predators, as every sixth Amur Tiger died here. The choice of habitats is associated with the presence of a feed base, as well as certain habitat conditions associated with the depth of snow cover, the presence of shelters, etc.
  • For its livelihoods, the Amur Tiger chooses such places:
  • Highlands, covered with deciduous forests.
  • Valley of mountain rivers.

Planting a manchur type, with a predominance of oak and cedar.

Forest arrays with a predominance of cedar.

Forest arrays with a predominance of cedar.

Secondary forests.

A man has displaced Amur tigers from landscapes suitable for growing agricultural crops. Therefore, tigers often appear next to human settlements, especially in a meager feed base.

  • Diet
  • Amur tiger eats up to 10 kg of meat per day, and if you recalculate it for a year, it turns out an average of 60 deer. Naturally, it is not so easy to get such a quantity, especially since not every hunt is effective. Therefore, the tigra has to hunt a lot and eat everything he can get. It may be not big manchurian hares or bears, which sometimes do not give way by weight and sizes to the tiger itself.
  • In the diet of the Amur Tiger, you can include so hoofs and other foods as:
  • Kabanov and raisrery.
  • Spotted deer.
  • Moose and root.
  • Bears.
  • Fish and crayfish.

Frogs and rodents.

Amur tigers prefer to conduct a separate lifestyle and do not create prides in the example of Lviv. But females, together with the offspring that emerged, can live in the territory of the male, which can reach up to 800 kilometers square. The female controlled territory is always less and amounts to no more than 500 kilometers square. Birds.

Fruits of various plants.

The main element of the menu of this beast is the boar, since its populations depend on the yield of cedar nuts. Cedar is not in vain considered to be a bread tree of the Ussuri Taiga.

Amur tiger - a unique child of nature, created for life in conditions of long and cold winter. It is originally endowed with all the qualities for successful survival in harsh conditions and deprived of natural enemies.

The predator is selected to his victim with a crawling, resting the rear legs into the ground and bending the back. If the victim does not differ in large sizes, then the tiger immediately overbinds her throat, and if it is serious mining, first the predator boils her to the ground.

Appearance If the victim manage to leave, then the tiger is repeated for it, it does not hunt and goes to relax and translate the spirit. In the event of the capture of a major victim, Tiger drags it to water, and along the way drives out its competitors. Eats a predator in her prey lying, while sticking to her paws. If you never succeeded at once, then the remnants will hide before relaxing. When problems with food are scheduled, tigers can go to the outskirts of settlements, where they can hunt for domestic cattle and even on dogs.

Reproduction and offspring

The tigress falls no more often than 1 time in 2-4 years, but the male is engaged in love adventures much more often, because after mating he leaves a female and goes to search for another female. For male, it is important that the female is ready for mating, as evidenced by the smelt tags, as well as scratches on the crust, regardless of the time of year.

If the female did not manage to mate in the first days of flows, then she herself begins to look for a sexual partner.

In case of detection of a sexual partner, mating occurs within a week, after which the female is busy with what awaits the offspring. Somewhere after 3-4 months, a few blind young appears. After 9 days, they appear milk teeth. As a rule, all this time the mother feeds them with milk, but after a while in the diet, the tigrite appears meat. At the same time, she continues to feed them with milk for another six months.

Despite the fact that the predator is powerful, strong and fast animals, it remains absolutely defenseless in front of modern weapons. In East Asia, the animal fur, its bones and fangs is highly appreciated. Big money helps to increase the number of poachers.

Despite the fact that the predator is powerful, strong and fast animals, it remains absolutely defenseless in front of modern weapons. In East Asia, the animal fur, its bones and fangs is highly appreciated. Big money helps to increase the number of poachers.

Already in 2 months, the crucibles begin to leave the lair, crawling out, and in half a year they are already involved in the hunt, accompanying the mother. To learn how to extradite food for yourself, it has to study for almost a year. Independent bailings for food, young people carry out somewhere in 2 years, but they still accompany their mother. It takes care of their offspring until the crucible becomes halm. And this happens at the achievement of 4 or 5 years of life.

Natural enemies

  • Due to its strength, dexterity and sizes in tigers, there are practically no natural enemies, with the exception of a person, and especially poachers. They destroy animals because of their warm fur, internal organs and bones. Tibetan medicine uses infusions and powders made of bits and bone tissues for the treatment of various diseases, including sexlessness.
  • The Amur Tiger was introduced into the Red Book of the Russian Federation, as well as in the Red Book of the International Nature Conservation Union. This is due to the fact that the populations of these animals began to be significantly reduced until 1940. At the end of the last century, it was mined up to hundreds of these predators, and by 1912, only 60 pieces. By 1940, their numbers were only four dozen individuals.
  • Some factors affected the decrease in the number of Amur tigers. For example:
  • Sticking adult individuals poachers.
  • Reducing the number of pitfall due to active hunting.

Practice Cylov Tigrite.

Despite its impressive dimensions, the tiger movements are soft and almost silent, due to the presence of soft pads on the paws. It should be noted that the paws of this beast are wide enough. In this regard, the tiger is perfect and easily moved along the taiga even in conditions of deep snow. The destruction of green plantings along the banks of the rivers.

Severe winters with rich snowfall.

Only after the war began a gradual increase in the number of tigers. By 1959, scientists counted to hundreds of tigers in the Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territory. After 5 years, their number increased to 120 individuals, and after another 5 years - 140 individuals. After 10 years, the number of amur tigers increased to 2 hundred pieces. The beginning of the third millennium has already numbered up to 4 and a half hundred individuals.

In 2005, experts again decided to recalculate tigers, and it turned out that all individuals are about 500 pieces, and about 4 hundred adult tigers and up to hundreds of tiger.

  • Thanks to the "strategy of preserving the Amur Tiger in Russia in 2010", it was possible to expand the living space of this predator. As a result of the appearance of such a document, National Parks "Bikin" and the Land of Leopard were formed, including the Middle-Ussuri Reserve.
  • After 5 years of security events managed to increase the protected area to one and a half million hectares. When in 2015 held another calculation, it turned out that about 540 Ussuri tigers live in the Far East, while only 10% of the world population focused on Manchuria, in China.
  • Further problems of distribution of these animals are associated with a number of factors. For example:
  • With rather low population density.
  • With the presence of large areas of family and private nature.
  • With the presence of a meager food base.
  • With inability to adapt to modern conditions.

With a high value of the animal from the point of view of Chinese medicine.

With the actions of poachers.

With bad reproductive capabilities.

Currently, Amur tigers live in those taiga sites that did not endure. Many experts dream that Tiger will be returned to historical places of his habitat. The promising direction of preservation and increasing the number of this beast is associated with the resettlement of this predator within the points of the Pleistocene Park formed in Yakutia. Experts plan to increase the number of the Amur tiger to 750 individuals. Unfortunately, this may be possible only in the case of a noticeable increase in the livestock of wild hoofs. In other words, without comprehensive measures here can not do without any.

The only thing that could not do for the beast is nature - protect your beautiful Chado from thoughtless destruction by man. The beauty of the wool made it easy prey for firearms armed with firearms, without leaving a chance for survival.

Finally

Human activity creates a lot of problems for wild animals, as a person displaces them with natural habitats. As a result, the livestock is reduced, both wild hoofs and predators, such as Ussuri Tiger. This suggests that in nature everything is interconnected and the person will have to be seriously worked to return the balance of nature. As a rule, tangible results can be obtained only when the activities are comprehensive. First of all, it is necessary to stop the expansion of a person, revising many principles of coexistence with nature.

Amur tigers are one of the most small among their relatives, the population is barely exceeding 500 animals today. A smaller number remained only for Sumatran tigers (up to 500 individuals) and South Chinese (almost extinct, 30 individuals). Environmentalists try to maximize the protection of these species to prevent their full extinction.

Description

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Amur tiger is quite large, considered the largest among representatives of the cat's family, with more thick and light wool compared to its southern relatives.

Weight and height

offspring

The length of the body of males is 2.7-3.8 m, females are slightly smaller. The height in the withers reaches 115 cm, the weight is in the range from 170 to 250 kg. The main painting of fur in winter orange, belly tiger - white.

Human activity creates a lot of problems for wild animals, as a person displaces them with natural habitats. As a result, the livestock is reduced, both wild hoofs and predators, such as Ussuri Tiger. This suggests that in nature everything is interconnected and the person will have to be seriously worked to return the balance of nature. As a rule, tangible results can be obtained only when the activities are comprehensive. First of all, it is necessary to stop the expansion of a person, revising many principles of coexistence with nature.

Features

Tiger Amur Photo

This is the only one among the subspecies, which at the stomach is located a layer of fat in 5 cm, which protects the animal from the chilling winds and very low temperatures. The body of the Amur tiger is an elongated, flexible, head of the round shape, the paws are relatively short, the tail is long. The ears are small. Amur tigers distinguish colors, and their night vision five times sharper than those of people.

Features of nutrition

Amur tiger is a typical predator, it is very strong, has developed organs of feelings, but the hunt pays quite a lot of his time, as it is successful only one of 10 of his attempts. To the victim, the tiger is selected by Clarice, bending the back and resting the rear legs to the ground. Small prey kills, immediately overburdening the throat, and the major first brings to the ground. If the attempt of the attack failed, the tiger does not pursue his failed sacrifice. He drags the carcass of the dead animal, and always tries to hide her remnants and move other animals from her. He eats a tiger lying, holds the prey of the paws.

Ration

Amur tiger is a typical predator, it is very strong, has developed organs of feelings, but the hunt pays quite a lot of his time, as it is successful only one of 10 of his attempts. To the victim, the tiger is selected by Clarice, bending the back and resting the rear legs to the ground. Small prey kills, immediately overburdening the throat, and the major first brings to the ground. If the attempt of the attack failed, the tiger does not pursue his failed sacrifice. He drags the carcass of the dead animal, and always tries to hide her remnants and move other animals from her. He eats a tiger lying, holds the prey of the paws.

The diet of the Amur tiger includes predominantly large hoofs, as well as fish, frogs, birds and mice, and even plant fruits. Mostly, this predator is hunting on the deer, a spotted and noble deer, a root, boar, a bear, elk and small mammals. On a day he needs 9-10 kg of meat, that is, from 50 to 70 unfortunate animals per year.

Amur tigers and people

Amur tigers extremely rarely attack people and do not enter the settlements, trying to avoid a meeting with a man.

Spread

Amur tigers extremely rarely attack people and do not enter the settlements, trying to avoid a meeting with a man.

Amur tigers are common in the south-east of Russia, the coast of Amur and Ussuri (Khabarovsky and Primorsky Krai). Most often they are found in the foothills of Sikhote-Alin, where every sixth wildlife lives. In the near future it is planned to resettle the Amur Tiger in Yakutia.

Male and female: main differences

Sexual dimorphism of amur tigers manifests itself in the fact that females are always a little inferior to males in size. Otherwise, in coloring and in appearance, representatives of both sexes are very similar.

Behavior

Sexual dimorphism of amur tigers manifests itself in the fact that females are always a little inferior to males in size. Otherwise, in coloring and in appearance, representatives of both sexes are very similar.

Amur tigers are lords of huge territories, with a plot area for females from 300 to 500 km², and for males from 600 to 800 km². When within the limits of such an animal of sufficient food, it will not go beyond its limits. If the hoofed animals lacks, then the number of cases of tiger attack on large livestock and dogs increases.

Amur tigers at night

Amur tigers lead an active nightlife. The males usually live one by one, the females can be gathered into small groups. Amur tigers communicate with each other with special sounds that are formed during the energetic exhalation of air through the nose and mouth. The sign of expressions of friendliness they have a touch of faces, and friction on each other by the sides.

How much does the Amur Tiger live?

In natural conditions, the Amur Tiger lives for about 15 years, in captivity lives to 20 years.

Reproduction

In natural conditions, the Amur Tiger lives for about 15 years, in captivity lives to 20 years.

Half-growing Amur tigers become aged 4-5 years. For the marriage season, a specific time of year is not defined. When the female begins between the female, it leaves urine tags and scratches on the trees. Since these tigers live on fairly large territories, the females often go to the search for males.

Faulting process

To the mating, they become ready for 3-7 day of flow. Pairing happens many times, for some time for this male and female remain near. Then the male leaves the female, and goes in search of a new partner.

Duration of pregnancy females

The duration of pregnancy is 95-112 days, after which 3-4 blind kitten appear on the light, which female feeds milk. They open their eyes after 9 days after 2 weeks, the teeth begin to grow. In 2 months, the kids first come out of their asylum. The female begins to bring meat to them, but for about six months there will be dairy feeding. After his end, young crucibles begin to go out with her mother's hunt, and learn to hunt alone. So continues for quite a long time. Tigs are prone to play a lot, and learn during this game. At the age of 1, they begin to hunt on their own, and in 2 years they become able to cope with large prey. But still they live together with the mother and hunt together until the achievement of puberty.

  • Threats
  • At the end of the 19th century, about 100 amur tigers killed each year. In this regard, the population of predators was rapidly reduced until the middle of the 20th century, and there were only 30-40 animals. After that, the hunt for them was forbidden and measures began to be taken to resettle and preserve the species, so that today it was possible to bring the level of population to 500 individuals. Nevertheless, the appearance still requires intensive security and protective measures.
  • Interesting Facts:

The main differences of the male and female Amur Tiger

Tungus and Manchura are rarely called the Amur Tiger named "Tasx" (Tiger), and replace the name of the animal to "Amba" (big) to avoid trouble.

The image of the Amur Tiger is located on the flag and coat of arms of the Primorsky Territory, and on many symbols of its cities and districts. In addition, they are also decorated with the emblem of Khabarovsk and the Khabarovsk Territory. In addition, this species was and remains a popular hero of numerous artistic books, films and cartoons.

Previously, the Amur Tiger was portrayed on the coat of arms of Irkutsk, but when the coat of arms of the province claimed Emperor Alexander II, then his description came to St. Petersburg with the Siberian word "Baber" (which means "Tiger"), officials hastily "corrected" him on "Beaver " And it turned out that on the coat of arms should be depicted "Beaver, carrying in the teeth of a sable". Since keeping a sable in your teeth was still a predator, then the coat of arms began to depict a fictional black beast with a large tail and a webbed back limbs. Such a picture remained on the modern emblem of Irkutsk and the Irkutsk region, although a long-standing mistake was fixed.

The process of mating Amur Tiger

Even in the last century, these cats from the genus Panther reign on the lands of the Far East and the adjacent territories of China. Amur tiger is a unique beast, adapted to life in a cold climate.

Nature centuries created an ideal predator who survived in difficult conditions, but a person quickly dealt with a large population of beautiful animals.

The process of mating Amur Tiger

Ussuri tigers were on the verge of complete disappearance and perhaps you would see them as mammoths only in pictures. In the middle of the last century, urgent measures were taken, which allowed to preserve a sufficient number of individuals and to restore the population of Far Eastern predators in the future.

Habitat area

The process of mating Amur Tiger

The most famous and at the same time the most small, spectacular inhabitant of the Far East Alas will not be able to simply communicate in the forest. The extermination of a noble animal put a whole view of the edge of extinction, so you can admire the striped beast only within zoos.

The main zone of the life of the beast - the Amur region, local nationalities even invented the tigers their name so as not to "knock" them to name "Ambush". The hunting grounds of Amur Tigers occupy the shores of Amur and Ussuri, now these protected areas isolated from the lands of the Primorsky Territory and the southern parts of the Khabarovsk Territory.

The impressive part of the wild population settled in the protected mountains of Sikhote-Alin. In the future, it is planned to expand the range at the expense of Yakutia's reserves, in the future it is planned to return the Ussuri tigers in the land where they lived before the start of extermination.

A small number of tigers found a house in Chinese manchuria, there are several dozen individuals. Part of the animals lives in the border zone of the two countries. Separate individuals live in the world's zoos, a small group of northern animals has taken root in the Crimean Park "Tagan".

The favorite house of Amur Tigers is the rocky mountains covered with forest, cut by caves and ledge. The caves will grow offspring, and adult animals are used for recreation and surveillance for potential prey.

The process of mating Amur Tiger

Appearance, sizes and weight

This is the largest type of tigers on our planet. From inhabitants in more comfortable conditions, the collections of Ussuri tigers distinguishes the wool of elevated density with a dense undercoat and a five-meantimeter fat layer in the peritoneum.

Dense wool and a layer of fat form a kind of protective shield that protects the animal from supercooling. After all, this type of tigers have to live in conditions of severe cold, heighting the extraction of deep snow.

The process of mating Amur Tiger

The unlask climate of the Far East has reflected even on the shape of the bears of the beast, they are small, neat. Much miniature than other types of tigers. Paws are not distinguished long, but they are massive and wide, adapted for movement in snowdrifts, taking into account the solid weight of the Owner.

But the growth and weight dramatically allocates the Amur Tiger among the relatives. Massive bodies make them magnificent hunters and allow you to survive in cold mountain weather. Scientists came across individual whose bodies were pulled out almost to three meters, and the tail length reached 110 cm.

The process of mating Amur Tiger

Giant weight, usually reaching 300 kg, is due to the peculiarities of the development of these tigers, they grow and keep their entire lives. According to unconfirmed data, people met in the nature of the individuals "deorposed" to 390 kg.

Modern studies have established, in the current population of tigers, the weight of the male does not exceed 177 kg, the tigress "feed" only 118. Most likely the grinding of animals is caused by a small number of individuals. As a result of these changes, the Ussuri tigers began to "lose" their Bengali relatives.

Amur tiger is one of the most beautiful "cats" of the planet, the brightness of its color depends on the time of year. The most spectacular outfit, an orange fur coat with dark stripes and a white belly, appears in the summer. In winter, the color is a little paler, but from this tiger does not get less beautiful.

Black stripes - a masking element for a predator. Their drawing is completely unique, it is impossible to find two identical animals. The black and white female ears perform the role of a beacon for a crucible, moving for mom along the snow-covered forest.

The process of mating Amur Tiger

Behavior and lifestyle

The males of Ussuri tigers are single in life, and even very conservative, constantly moving in their very extensive grounds. In the male, they will be almost twice as large in the area than the female. If the lands are full of game, then the tiger for his entire lives never leaves the occupied territory.

The process of mating Amur Tiger

The hunting grounds of tigers are carefully lined, additionally leaving noticeable branches on the trees (height exceeds human growth). Beasts once laid for themselves the network trail for themselves, according to which they are constantly moving without changing the route for years.

Food

The incessant movement is the basis of their life, for fifteen years (so much they live in a natural environment), the tiger takes thousands of kilometers along the mountains and forests.

The process of mating Amur Tiger

This is a night beast, preferring to relax in the daytime. Yes, and see Amur tigers at night several times better than with a daylight. The meeting of two tigers is accompanied by loud "sighs", ritual contact of the heads and sides.

  • Females are often collected in groups, the composition of such tigrine families includes small crucibles and adolescents, not yet ready for breeding and independent life. Adults Ussuriy Tiger is considered from the five-year-old age, and until this point in the sons and daughters adopt the art of hunting and survival from the mother.
  • Amur Tiger is the main predator of the Far East, which is dominant in the food chain of the region. For a normal life, the beast need to eat ten kilograms of meat per day. But at a time he can consume a three-time norm.
  • The main diet of this predator is:
  • Heyubri;
  • roe

The process of mating Amur Tiger

Spotted deer;

  • lyry;
  • Boars.
  • If large animals lack the Ussuri tiger switches to extraction in bed and more affordable. In his "Menu" fall:
  • badgers;
  • raccoon dogs;
  • domestic livestock (and master dogs);

birds,

The process of mating Amur Tiger

mouse

frogs.

Ussuri tiger also an avid fisherman, life on the shores of full-flower rivers taught these beasts to catch a large fish, going to spawning through river river in the mountains. So during this period the diet of the animal complements the delicious fish.

In the case of successful hunting, the beast pulls into a carcass (can a drain weight of up to 500 kg) and bursts, holding a paw lunch. The non-eaten meat leaves about the reserve, hiding it from the encroachment of other applicants.

The process of mating Amur Tiger

Fat reserves allow tigers to fast for a whole week, surviving days of unsuccessful hunting. But in the case of a particular snowy winter and the absence of food, the beasts die from non-informants.

Attack on man

The process of mating Amur Tiger

The press loves to frighten readers with candy souls about eaters tigers, but stories are not related to Ussuri tigers. These animals prefer to keep as far as possible from a person and his housing. Exception - livestock in the years of total nonsense.

Amur tigers lead an active nightlife. The males usually live one by one, the females can be gathered into small groups. Amur tigers communicate with each other with special sounds that are formed during the energetic exhalation of air through the nose and mouth. The sign of expressions of friendliness they have a touch of faces, and friction on each other by the sides.

A person by the Amur Tiger bypassing the Tenth Dear, they attack only the wounded and dying individuals. Even in the case of a focused hunt, the saving beast would prefer to go away, and not to attack.

The process of mating Amur Tiger

However, the attacks on people were officially recorded, for the total history of observation history Tigers showed aggression 19 times. The reasons were the protection of kids, mining or provocation from a person. Tigers killed two people, the rest of the conflict received injury.

The main cause of the conflict between the person and the tiger is attacking the grazed major cattle and guarding houses and dogs. In this case, people perform swelling hunting for beast.

The process of mating Amur Tiger

The search for a partner is not tied to the time of year, they will determine the "biological clock" of a particular female. The lady puts the male by the smell of urine and labels on the trees. Sometimes she has to walk for a long time in search of at least some candidate for husbands.

The couple holds together for several days, then the male leaves his lady, going into search of a new female. The offspring can be expected in 95 days, sometimes the term is stretched for another two weeks. As a result, three or four small blind lumps devoid of teeth appear on the light. Refuge mother and kids usually serves dry cave.

The process of mating Amur Tiger

Mother milk is provided with the first minutes to six months old. Double-month kids already show curiosity, begin to explore the world outside the cave walls.

At this age, their diet is complemented by the prey-brought by the mother. The first tigers hunting lessons are obtained at a semi-annual age accompanying Tigritz. The first birthday is a wonderful reason to get meat yourself, it is from this period the kids become independent hunters.

The process of mating Amur Tiger

Two-year-olds are already trying to go to pretty much prey. But even in case of positive experience, staying next to the mother and other "children" for another three years. And only at a five-year-old age, their own hunting grounds begin to master.

Hunting at the Amur Tiger and its security

The process of mating Amur Tiger

In China, only one punishment is provided for a person who has concerned about the life of the Ussuri Tiger - execution. On the territory of Russia, he is under protection, with the aim of reviving the livestock, a ban and shooting animals that serve to feed tigers.

Tigers are under the protectorate of the World Wildlife Protection Fund, are protected by the individuals living in the wild environment, programs for breeding Amur tigers in captivity.

Scientists monitor the wards living in collars transmitting the signal, study their hunting trails and movements. The main volume of scientific work on the protection of tigers is conducted in the vast territories of the Amur region.

The process of mating Amur Tiger

The hunt for Ussuri tigers is strictly prohibited since 1947, Russia also adopted a number of laws that prevent the hunt for rare tigers. As part of the recovery of the population, a number of organizations involved in the breeding of animals serving the Food of the Amur Tigers and the following states of the reserves were created.

Conclusion

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