Redness of the skin of the face - classification, causes (physical, pathological), treatment, remedies from redness, photo

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Redness of the skin of the face - the physiological essence of this phenomenon

Redness Skin Persons in most cases perceived no more than a painful cosmetic defect, from which its owners tend to get rid of. However, this phenomenon may be due not only to temporary reasons that quickly disappear, but also by various pathologies, and in this case, redness of the skin is undoubted evidence of the disease.

Redness of the skin of the face, regardless of the cause, from the point of view of physiological mechanisms is an expansion of blood vessels. That is, any impact causes an expansion of blood vessels of the face of the face, as a result of which they begin to "shine" through the surface layer of the epidermis, giving the skin a characteristic red color. Depending on the density of the skin and its physiological color, the expanded vessels can give the skin different colors of the red spectrum - from pinkish to bright red or even raspberry-burgundy.

The reasons for such an expansion of the vessels are many, since a wide range of a wide variety of factors affects the vascular tone, which, moreover, can interact with each other and have a combined effect, much higher than their simple arithmetic amount. These causal factors of redness of the skin of the face can be both physiological and pathological. Facial redness Under the influence of physiological factors is a normal response of the body, which quickly passes after eliminating the impact of the cause and does not bear any negative consequences. And the redness of the face under the influence of pathological factors is a sign of any disease or reflects a violation of physiological reflexes. Physiological redness of the person does not require any procedures for its elimination, and the pathological must be treated with various methods aimed at eliminating the causal factor and on the symptomatic decrease in the severity of the vascular reaction.

Classification of eye redness

Depending on the nature of the causal factor, the face redness is divided into two large groups: one. Physiological redness of the face. 2. Pathological redness of the face.

Physiological redness Persons are characterized by the following signs:

  • Fast appearance after the start of an irritant factor;
  • Fast disappearance after the termination of an irritant factor;
  • The degree of severity of redness usually does not increase over time, reaching the maximum shortly after the appearance;
  • After the disappearance of redness, the skin takes its normal look and there are no changes on it;
  • Redness passes independently and does not require any special therapy;
  • The severity of redness decreases with regular training for increasing endurance to the action of an irritant factor;
  • Redness does not cause any negative consequences.

That is, physiological redness of the person is a normal response of the body to the impact of any unfavorable for the skin or vessels of the factor. It should be remembered that the physiological redness of the face is never accompanied and does not combine with itch

, peeling or dryness

. And the feeling of burning can accompany the physiological redness of the face. Thus, physiological is attributed to redness of the skin of the face when exposed to the following factors: one. Wind; 2. Low ambient temperatures, which comes in contact with the skin of the face (for example, washing with ice water, finding in the cold, etc.); 3. High ambient temperatures (heat, stuffing, wash hot water, long-term hot tub or soul, breaking face, etc.); four. Redness of the face with hot, sharp or spicy food, as well as tea, coffee

; five. Smoking

; 6. Consumption of alcoholic beverages; 7. Rubbing the skin with a cloth; eight. Too energetic massage

face skin; nine. Too energetic rubbing of cosmetics in the skin of the face; 10. Performing physical exercises or hard work; eleven. Lack of sleep; 12. Application of the face of irritating cosmetic preparations (masks, creams, scrubs and other means, reinforcing blood flow to the skin); 13. Nervous tension or mental excitement; fourteen. Stress; fifteen. Depression

; sixteen. Low self-esteem; 17. Psychological complexes.

For physiological redness of the face, the involvement of almost total skin volume is characterized, that is, the cheeks, forehead, nose and chin also captures the cheeks simultaneously. If the redness of the skin happened as a result of mechanical exposure (rubbing the skin with hands, cloth, too energetic massage, etc.), then only a plot that has been subjected to this action will blush. The site of physiological redness usually does not have a clear boundary, and smoothly goes into the normally painted skin. After stopping the influence of the provoking factor, the physiological redstock quickly passes, not leaving any traces or negative consequences to be eliminated by special means.

Pathological redness caused by various diseases of internal organs, blood vessels, negative environmental factors, allergic reactions or inflammatory processes. That is, any factors that cannot be attributed to natural can become the causes of pathological redness of the person, since they provoke a reaction in the skin peculiar to various utilities (for example, allergic, inflammation, etc.).

This means that in the pathological redness of the face in the skin, not normal physiological processes of response, and pathological, such as inflammation, atrophy, etc. Accordingly, any pathological redness of the skin of the face can be combined with itching, burning, peeling and other unpleasant sensations or Symptoms in the field of redness. Pathological redness can have a smooth clear boundary and are located on various sections of the skin, occupying a large or less area. So, in some cases, pathological redness of the skin is localized only in the area of ​​the nose, in others - on the cheeks, etc. For pathological redness of the face, the following features are characterized:

  • Relatively slow appearance of redness with the strengthening of its severity over time;
  • Long existence of redness;
  • Redness does not pass independently, and to eliminate it, it is necessary to eliminate the provocation factor;
  • After eliminating the provoking factor of red, it can not go completely, and traces remain on the skin, which will have to remove various methods;
  • The severity of redness remains approximately constant for a long time, increasing only when the provocation of the provoking factor;
  • Redness can cause various negative consequences.

With prolonged presence of redness of the skin, as a rule, it is pathological. Therefore, if for some reason, a person often has a blush person for a long time, it is necessary to consult a doctor for a survey to find out which diseases can cause skin redness from his pathologies.

Pathological redness of the face can wear various special names, such as, for example, Cooperoz, Rosacea, dermatitis

etc. Similar names of various pathological painting options are the names of the disease, one of the leading signs of which is the presence of identified skin color changes. That is, if the embodiment of the face is indicated by any special name, this means that we are talking about any specific disease for which it is characterized by such a change in the structure and appearance of the skin. If the face redness is not a major sign of the disease, it does not indicate any special terms, but simply say redness against the background of such pathology, syndrome or state.

In addition to this main division of redness of the skin of the face on physiological and pathological, doctors usually describe accurate localization, shade, flax form, presence or absence of itching, peeling

, dryness, cracks and other external signs of redness area. The separation of redness for many varieties according to these features is necessary to clarify the diagnosis, determining the optimal tactics of therapy, as well as the clarification of which symptomatic drugs are necessary for a person to fully eliminate the problem and improve the quality of life during the treatment phase. Due to the rather large spectrum of various combinations of the characteristics of the area of ​​the face of the skin, we give them in the cause of the reasons where we will immediately indicate how those or other edges on the face may be provoked.

Redness of the skin face - Photo

This photo shows redness of the face in the form of a "butterfly", which is localized on the nose and cheeks. This embodiment of the face is characteristic of systemic red lupus


In this photo, depicted redness of the face at Rosacea


In this photo, the redness of the face with Cooperose, in which extended capillaries are visible on the skin with a naked eye.

This photo shows redness of the face characteristic of contact dermatitis.

Causes of Face Redness

The whole set of reasons for redness of the person, depending on the nature of the causing factor, is divided into two large groups: one. Physical (external) causes; 2. Pathological (internal) causes.

Physical reasons

Accordingly, physical reasons include natural environmental factors, such as:

  • Wind;
  • Temperature effects (heat, cold, hot or ice water, etc.);
  • Mechanical friction of the skin (rubbing, intense massage, energetic rubbing of cosmetics, etc.);
  • Sun rays (sunburn on the skin);
  • Dust (dust hit on the face and its long-term footling on the skin);
  • Physical stress (work or active workouts);
  • Long stay in the inclined position when the faces are below the wax level (for example, the tilt, tilt-up, etc.);
  • Burns and injuries.

Since physical reasons cause physiological redness of a person who quickly passes, then, as a rule, their identification and elimination or minimization of influence do not constitute any difficulties. Therefore, we will discuss in more detail on the pathological causes of redness of the face, which are caused by various impairment of the body's functioning, and therefore are of much greater importance as possible signs including severe diseases.

Pathological reasons

All the pathological causes of redness of the person are divided into the following large groups, depending on the nature of the provoking factor:

  • Allergic reasons;
  • Infectious causes;
  • Inflammatory processes;
  • Vascular diseases;
  • Diseases of internal organs;
  • Mental reasons.

Allergic redness of the face

Allergic redness of the face is caused, accordingly, any allergic reactions. In this case, as a provocation factor may actually actually actually act as an allergic reaction may start in response to any strong impact. However, the most often allergic redness of the person is developing in the use of products or drugs, or in contact with substances (flower pollen, fluff), which has an allergy

. The characteristic distinguishing features of the allergic redness of the face are the following:

  • Red bright;
  • All the skin of the face in one degree or another is red, but the most pronounced redness is observed on the cheeks in the field of oily growth, on the chin, between lips and nose;
  • Reddened sweatshirt;
  • Itching in the field of redness.

In addition, itching and edema

With allergic redness of the person can lead to the formation of a wound, scratches and cracks on the skin, in the field of which infection may be penetrated

and the development of the inflammatory process.

Allergic redness of the face may occur episodically or flow in the form of dermatitis. Episody redness of the face occurs when contacting the provoking factor on which the person has hypersensitivity. After the termination of this factor, the face redness is completely passed. Dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory process of the skin of the face supported by the constantly flowing allergic reaction. If episodic allergic leather leather face is on their own, then dermatitis require serious and long-term treatment. During dermatitis in the field of redness, pimples may appear

, rash elements

, cracks, bubbles and guns.

Infectious Face Redness

Infectious redness of the face of the face is caused by penetration into the structure of the epidermis or dermis pathogenic microorganisms provoking an infectious inflammatory process. The most frequent infectious painting of the face is demodecosis

In which tick comes into the skin. In addition, the infectious redness of the skin of the person believes

, vulgar acne, influenza

and fungal diseases such as triprophes

, microsporia, etc. A peculiar facial redness option is considered to be red small rashes and a change in skin color in infectious diseases occurring with leather damage, for example,

, Scarlatina

, windmill


Infectious redness require mandatory treatment with antibiotics

and other antimicrobial means. A characteristic feature of infectious redness of the skin of the face is the presence of strictly localized foci, in which infection occurred.

Inflammatory face skin

Inflammatory red skin redness are rather common, since inflammation can develop when exposed to various factors. A characteristic example of inflammatory reddening of the person is the reaction to incorrectly chosen or poor-quality cosmetics, as well as the phenomenon of photosensitization or skin disease (dermatitis, psoriasis

, eczema, etc.).

In most cases, women and men consider skin reaction in the form of redness in response to the application of cosmetics

Allergies, but it is not. In fact, a similar reaction is precisely inflammation that develops in response is not the adverse effect of chemicals. Inflammatory redness can undergo independently or demand treatment depending on the severity of the pathological process, as well as the duration and strength of the negative factor.

Photosensibilization is an increased sensitivity of the skin to solar radiation, which occurred under the influence of the reception of various medicines or conduct any procedures. When photosensitization, an inflammatory process is developing in its skin on the skin, characterized by redness, itching and edema. Photosensibilization passes after removing the medicinal product provoked it from the body and, as a rule, does not require special treatment.

Redness of the skin for diseases of the internal organs

Redness of the skin for diseases of the internal organs is constant not disappearing under any circumstances. In this case, redness of the face is a symptom of the disease, and therefore it is necessary to cure a human pathology to eliminate it. Otherwise, it is impossible to eliminate redness of the person.

So, redness of the person of various severity can develop in the following diseases of the internal organs:

Mental reasons for skin redness

Mental reasons for skin redness are various psycho-emotional factors and conditions capable of provoking the expansion of blood vessels on the face. The following factors may be mental reasons of redness:

  • Strong emotional stress;
  • Excitement before any important event (for example, an interview, speech before the audience, etc.);
  • Any strong feelings or emotions (fear, shame, joy, constraint, etc.);
  • Stress (Blishing syndrome);
  • Depression;
  • Reduced self-esteem;
  • Complexes, fears and psychological barriers to any actions, people, etc.

Separately and the most detailed should be stopped on Blishing syndrome, which is characterized by redness of the person in any exciting or stressful situations. The redness is usually located on the face in the form of spots of various sizes and does not pass long. Faciality of the face with Blishing syndrome can develop literally at any excitement point, for example, acquaintance with people, performance, emotional discussion, etc. The inability to restrain the attack of redness of the face brings a person an inconvenience and insecurity, since such a visible reaction issues his excitement, which is well noticeable.

The mechanism of the development of Blishing syndrome is simple - reinforced work of the sympathetic nervous system, which sharply expands the blood vessels of the face not only with strong stress

, but also with insignificant excitement. Normally, the sympathetic nervous system reacts so much that it appears red on his face, only with psychological or emotional effects with severe force. And with the Bleszing syndrome, the sympathetic nervous system is violently and sharply reacts with the development of redness of the person in any cases, even minor excitement or voltage.

With BLASHING-syndrome, drug treatment is inefficient, since they cannot change the reactivity of the sympathetic nervous system. The only effective method of treating Blishing syndrome is to be cut or overlay clips on the nerve, which comes from the brain

The blood vessels on which the signal is transmitted to their sharp expansion, manifest in the form of redness of the face.

Vascular diseases

Vascular diseases are one of the most frequent causes of the development of the face of the face. So, most often among all vascular diseases, the face of Rosacea and Cooperoz is caused.

Rosacea is a genetically determined high reactivity of blood vessels, which are dramatically expanded when the temperature changes (transition from cold to heat or vice versa) or when it is in weather conditions, negatively acting on the skin (for example, wind, heat, cold, dust storm, etc. d.). In response to the impact of natural physical environmental factors in people with Rosacea, the skin blushes greatly and a subjective feeling of burning sensation arises. Redness is preserved for a long time and is very pronounced. In principle, the skin in the norm under adverse environmental conditions blues and in healthy people, but after a while after the transition to comfortable conditions, it passes without a trace. When Rosacea is red after the transition to favorable conditions, still holds for quite a long time.

Rosacea, in addition to reddening the skin, can flow even in two forms, such as: pink acne and nasal thickening with the formation of tubercles and nodules on the skin. It used to be believed that redness of the face, pink acne and thickening of the nose are consistent stages of Rosacea, but it is currently refuted. Therefore, isolated redness of the face, pink acne and nose thickening are considered to be three different forms of rosacea, which in very rare cases can move into each other.

Cooperosis is an extended blood vessels on the skin, which never fall down, as a result of which the face is constantly painted in bright red color. Usually, Cooperoz is a consequence of various diseases (for example, hypertension

, rosacea, liver cirrhosis

, Gastritis

with reduced acidity, etc.) or long staying on the street in adverse conditions (for example, working on the street in winter time, etc.). Diagnostics

Cooperosis is very simple, because with the condition on the skin clearly visible bright red or bordees expanded convoluted blood vessels, the so-called "vascular stars".

In addition to Cooperoz and Rosacea, redness of the person can be provoked by the following vascular diseases:

  • Hemangioma skin;
  • Casabach-Meritt syndrome , developing in newborns (on the skin of the face can be hemangiomas, combined with anemia and reduced total number of blood platelets);
  • Clippel-Trenone-Weber Syndrome It is a hereditary disease and is characterized by the presence of red spots ("wine spots") on the skin, including on the face, which are combined with the varicose veins and muscle hypertrophy, bones, ligaments and tendons;
  • Disease Osler Randu is a hereditary disease in which there are numerous vascular "stars" on the skin;
  • Louis Bar Syndrome It is manifested by vascular "asterisks" on the skin of the face, disruption of coordination of movements, as well as reduced immunity.

Possible causes of various facial redness options

Faciality of the face can be combined with other symptoms, such as itching, dryness or burning. Sustainable and typical symptom complexes in the form of a combination of redness with itching, burning, dryness or peeling of the skin are signs of certain states and diseases. Redness and peeling Most often develop with increased sensitivity to weather conditions (heat, frost, wind), during demodecosis, as well as when using poor-quality cosmetics. If peeling and redness persist more than 20 days, then we are talking about avitaminosis or skin diseases, such as psoriasis, eczema

, dermatitis, etc. Redness and itching Characteristic for allergic reactions. However, if itching is combined with a peeling or dry skin of the face or remains longer than 20 days, a skin disease has developed with a high degree of probability. Dry skin and redness It is usually accompanied by peeling and, accordingly, characterized for allergic reactions, increased sensitivity to weather conditions, the use of poor-quality cosmetics or a large amount of cosmetics, avitaminosis

or skin diseases. In addition, dryness and redness of the skin are characteristic of diseases of the internal organs. Redness and burning skin Characteristic for rosacea and allergic reactions. In addition, redness with the feeling of burning is developing after a long time in unfavorable conditions for the skin or against the background of a sharp expansion of blood vessels, for example, in the heat, in the cold, in the wind, in a position with a low-headed head, after enhanced physical work or training, Moment of excitement, etc. Redness of the skin of the face around the nose , as a rule, is a symptom of perioral dermatitis

or diseases of the organs of the digestive tract.

Treatment of red skin

General principles of therapy

The treatment of redness of the person is to apply two types of therapy - etiotropic and symptomatic. Etiotropic therapy It is to eliminate the causal factor of the face. If a disease of the internal organs act as such a factor, then it must be treated correctly. If the reason for redness of the person is psychological factors, then a course of psychotherapy should be held

and training methods to control the reactions of the nervous system to various events. If the reason for the redness of the person is the impact of natural natural factors, then you should strive to reduce the time and degree of their influence, as well as using protective cosmetics. Symptomatic therapy Face redness is to reduce the severity of this phenomenon at this particular point in time. That is, in fact, symptomatic treatment is the elimination of the symptom (face redness) for some time. For symptomatic elimination of redness on the face, special means are used capable of narrowing blood vessels, such as naphtizin

, Aloe juice

Washing cool water and others.

Salon cosmetology procedures make it possible to eliminate the redness of the person, but how long the effect remains on the overall condition of the human body, the presence of chronic diseases, as well as skin care. So, if the face redness is provoked by diseases of the internal organs, after some time after elimination with the help of salon procedures, this problem will appear again. However, cosmetic procedures are effective and therefore can be used as symptomatic treatment of face redness.

So, when reddening a person related to the impact of external physical factors, the most effective surface chemical peeling is most effective.

. When reddening the skin with a peeling, cryoissage and mechanical cleaning have the best effect. And in the presence of vascular "stars" it is necessary to carry out the procedure of their laser or electrocoagulation.

In addition to etiotropic and symptomatic treatment, to reduce severity and prevent the appearance of redness on the face should Constantly adhere to the following rules:

  • Wash only slightly warm water about 32 - 34 oFROM;
  • Do not rub the face after washing the towel, but to gently wash the napkins;
  • Cosmetic means to apply light-skinned movements on the skin, and not energetic rubbing;
  • Do not break the face;
  • Do not take a long-term hot bath or shower;
  • Refuse to visit the sauna or bath;
  • Do not apply hot masks on face;
  • Do not use hard aggressive scrubies, alcohol lotions, flavored gels and soaps;
  • Use soft tools for cleansing the skin and removal of makeups that do not contain fragrances;
  • In the morning, apply a suitable moisturizing agent on the skin, and in the evening after cleaning the nutrient cream;
  • Exclude fatty tea, coffee, alcohol, sharp, sweet, fried dishes, pastries, sweets and chocolate, and fast food;
  • Refuse smoking;
  • Do not apply heavy tone cream on face, and if necessary, mask redness to use green consilet.

To strengthen the wall of the vessels and reduce the severity of redness. It is recommended to choose cosmetic products containing green tea

, mimose, chestnut

, green apple or orange

Since plant extracts of plants improve vascular tone.

How to remove the redness of the skin

If a person needs to quickly eliminate redness of the face in any situation and give the skin normal color, then you can use the following ways:

  • Wipe the face with drops of naphtizin;
  • Wipe the face with potato juice or diluted in water potato starch;
  • Wipe the face with strong tea;
  • Brew in a glass of boiling water a tablespoon of chamomile or parsley, leave for 30 minutes, after which the face to wipe the face to wipe;
  • Wash face with cool water.

These methods will help to quickly remove redness, but they are not suitable for constantly use. Therefore, they can only be used in emergency cases when it is necessary to urgently and quickly give the person a normal color. Otherwise, it is necessary to deal with the problem of redness of the face, it is necessary to fight the systematic and consistently, causing a mask, cream and other means with a soothing and vasoconstrictor effect. Only complex treatment of redness will allow to get rid of the problem of reddening a person for a long time.

Facilities from red skin

To the means of reddening the skin of the face include creams, ointments, masks, champs and washing lotions, which have a soothing, tonic and vasoconstrictor action. Such means can be prepared independently or select among pharmacy cosmetic drugs.

The optimal properties for eliminating redness on the face have aloe extracts, chamomile, parsley, green apple, chestnut, mimosa, and lavender oil

, Green Tea, Gerani

, grape bones and almonds. These components must be contained in cosmetics used to eliminate face redness. If such cosmetics is impossible for some reason, it is impossible to add specified oils in its usual cosmetic tools in proportion of 1 drop to half a teaspoon of cream or lotion.

Infusions, compresses and facilities for washing

In addition to cosmetics, it is recommended to use the following home remedies to eliminate redness:

  • Aloe juice. Squeeze juice from freshly cut sheet and apply it to face. When the aloe juice will dry, the nutrient cream should be applied. The course of therapy is 2 - 3 weeks 1 time per day.
  • Compress made of chamomile. Cutlery spoonful chamomile grass pour a glass of boiling water and insist for 30 minutes, after which it is strain. Then in the infusion, moisten a clean gauze or a cloth and put on the face for 20 to 30 minutes. Compresses can be done 1 - 2 times a day for a long period of time.
  • Washing the infusion of chamomile or parsley. Infusion is preparing the same as for the compress, but is used instead of water for washing twice a day - in the morning and in the evening.
  • Compress from strong black tea. Raw tea, cool to room temperature, after which it is possible to moisten in it a gauze or a clean cloth and put it on the face for 20 to 30 minutes. Compresses can be done 1 - 2 times a day for a long period of time.
  • Rubbing faces with potatoes juice. Skip the potatoes through the meat grinder, collect the flesh in the gauze and squeeze the juice well. Ready fresh juice wipe the face of 2 - 3 times a day after washing.

Cream of red leather

Creams of the Quasix group are used to treat Rosacea and Demodecosis, and also remove redness, reduce inflammation and improve the quality of life during redness on the face.

Cream of redness of the skin of the face should not contain fragrances as well as hop extracts

and Honey

. To eliminate redness optimally use nutrient creams containing vitamins

E, C and group B, as well as extracts of green apple

, green tea, orange, chestnut or almond oil

, Gerani and grape bones. Cream data should be applied to the skin in the evening after washing.

Ointment from redness of the skin of the face

Ointment from redness of the skin of the face should contain components that strengthen and narrowing vessels. Currently cosmetologists

Recommended for the treatment of red skin face applying the ointment of the ThrockSevazin

By applying it 2 times a day after washing.

Masks for face

Mask from redness of the skin of the face should be applied by the course, that is, to obtain an effect it is necessary to make 8 - 10 procedures. The most effective are the following masks:

  • Yeast mask. Bakery yeast 20 g Dilm with warm milk to the consistency of sour cream and apply on the face. Leave for 15 - 20 minutes, after which it was washed with warm water. Masks should be done every other day.
  • Mask with parsley. Finely cut parsley leaves and mix with sour cream. The resulting mixture is distributed over the skin of the face and leave for 15 minutes, after which it was washed with warm water. Masks apply to face every other day.
  • Mask with cottage cheese. Mix 2 teaspoons of bold cottage cheese, 1 teaspoon of vegetable oil (better grape bones or peach) and 3 - 5 drops of grapefruit juice. The resulting mixture is applied to the face and leave for 20 minutes, after which it is washed off with cool water. Masks can be done every day.
  • Mask with nettle and plantain. Equal volume of nettle leaves and plantain is rinsed and crushed in a blender in Cashitz, after which add a few drops of lemon juice. To impose a ready-made mixture on the field of redness and leave for 15 minutes, after which it is washed off with cool water.
  • Mask of cucumbers. Grate the cucumber peeled from the peel, mix it with cottage cheese in the ratio of 1: 1 and add a few drops of olive oil to a mass. Blend on the face and leave for 15 minutes, after which it was washed off with warm water.

Face Redness: Rosacea - Causes and Risk Factors, Symptoms and Complications, Treatment and Prevention - Video

Redness of the skin of the face: demodexosis - reasons (Demodex ticks), types (primary, secondary), clinical manifestations and symptoms, diagnostics (examination, scraping) and treatment methods, prevention (face care and proper nutrition), cosmetologist tips - video

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Hyperemia face

Hyperemia face

- It is redness of the skin on the face, which manifests itself on cheeks in frost weather, in the heat or in a stuffy room.

Tonic facial and neck hyperemia is observed in the case of increasing body temperature during colds, in stressful situations, with strong emotional excitation and increased physical exertion. In principle, this is a normal phenomenon, since under the influence of the listed factors there is an increased flow of blood (tide) into the blood vessels located on the face. The so-called transient face hyperemia in clinical medicine is not considered pathology.

However, often hyperemia of the face of the face has the appearance of stains that appear on the cheeks, chin, on the nose and nasolabial folds, and at the same time there are no obvious reasons for overflowing vessels.

Causes of hyperemia face

In fact, the causes of hyperemia of a person can be represented by a very solid list of diseases and pathologies, for which redness of the skin on the face is one of the symptoms. Let us dwell on the most common.

In people who abuse alcohol, the face and neck blush due to extension of vessels not only after drinking alcohol, but constantly have a crimson color due to enzyme lack of liver and its inability to transform acetic aldehyde, which is obtained by oxidation of ethanol.

Hyperemia of the face and neck appears upon the occurrence of menopause in women. The so-called municipal tides with a sudden increase in blood flow to the face causes the restructuring of the system of sex hormones and the reaction to it almost all organism systems, including vegetual-vascular.

The causes of hyperemia face can be:

  • System red lupus;
  • hypertensive disease (increased blood pressure);
  • heat hyperthermia (overheating);
  • pathology of the endocrine system (diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism);
  • erythematous rosacea (chronic inflammatory skin disease);
  • allergy;
  • scarlet fever;
  • Problems with liver or pancreas;
  • Erythrocytosis (ultra-high hemoglobin content in the blood);
  • Erythrofobia (Blishing syndrome);
  • acquired heart rate (mitral stenosis);
  • carcinoid syndrome (in the presence of intestinal tumors);
  • Side effect of drugs (including hormonal).

Erythrofobia or hyperemia facial caused by Blashing syndrome , manifests itself in unexpected redness of the face, arising regularly and without an obvious cause (with the most insignificant excitement of man). From the point of view of physiology, the capillaries also occur here and their filling of blood increases. But from the pathogenetic side hyperemia of the skin of the face with Blashing syndrome associated with functional impairment of the nervous system.

Diagnosis of hyperemia face

In principle, the diagnosis of hyperemia of the person must be conducted by a dermatologist. But, given that the redness of the skin on the face is accompanied by a number of diseases, patients with this pathology should be held a comprehensive examination.

To do this, the doctor needs to collect anamnesis and carefully examine the patient; schedule blood tests and urine; Conduct measurement of pulse and blood pressure. If redness is associated with dermatological pathologies, the specialist can immediately determine the tactics of its treatment.

When hyperemia is a symptom of metabolic disorders, cancer and problems with the cardiovascular system, it is necessary to appeal to the doctor of the relevant specialization for the examination and diagnosis.

Treatment of hyperemia face

Immediately note that short-term transient hyperemia of the person does not need treatment, since after the cessation of the actions caused its factors, the redstock disappears itself.

Another thing is when the face hyperemia is part of the set of symptoms of a certain pathology. But then it is not subject to separate treatment, since symptomatic therapy does not solve the problems of getting rid of the main disease. Therefore, it is necessary to treat it.

Let us dwell on the treatment of hyperemia of the face of the face with Blashing syndrome which was discussed above. In this case, a psychiatrist, a psychotherapist or a good psychologist who owns the techniques to overcome elevated excitement (self-pressure, muscular relaxation, breathing exercises, meditation, etc.). As for drugs, in particular, sedatives and beta-blockers, only a doctor can assign them after examining the patient and setting the correct diagnosis. For example, to reduce the nervous voltage can be recommended tinctures of valerians, dyeing, as well as Corvalol, Valokordin, Valqualmid (15-20 drops 2-3 times a day).

Beta blockers used in cardiovascular diseases prevent the effects of adrenaline on cardioreceptors, which leads to a decrease in the frequency of heart abbreviations and blood pressure. Standard side effects of such drugs: dizziness, sleep disorders, difficulty breathing, problems in the sexual sphere, feeling of fatigue, etc.

Surgical treatment of facial hyperemia is proposed when Blashing syndrome - Endoscopic symptectomy, at which the removal of the site of the sympathetic nerve barrel is carried out. As a result, the passage of nerve impulses, which cause the extension of the vessels and increase their filling with blood. The operation is minimally invasive, but is fraught with a multitude of likely side effects.

It is also possible to carry out endoscopic ships of the nervous barrel in the field of armpit with the help of a special clip. The effectiveness of this method is up to 85%, and its most frequent adverse consequence is the reflex increase in the selection of sweat.

When the face redness is a purely cosmetic disadvantage, cosmetologists can advise the laser coagulation of the skin vessels. It should be borne in mind that this procedure is designed not for the treatment of hyperemia of a person, but to the elimination of cuperosis - vascular mesh and "stars" on the face arising from chronic congenital or acquired expansion of small vessels of the skin (teleangietia). After laser coagulation, the vessels can again sharpen on the skin of the face, in addition, there is a big risk of violation of sweat glands.

Prevention of hyperemia face

Among the most common recommendations of specialists in the prevention of hyperemia, we note the following:

  • Do not overcool, do not overheat, do not abuse ultraviolet;
  • not to wash too cold or too hot water;
  • do not apply for cleaning the face of means of cutting and irritating skin, first of all, scrubics;
  • Do not rub the skin with sponges, do not wipe with hard towels;
  • do not overeat acute and fat, limit the use of coffee and alcoholic beverages;
  • Eat more vitamins, especially a, s, e, k and r.

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